Physiological data and anomalies of metabolism in infants

  • 153 Pages
  • 4.28 MB
  • English

Nestle , [Lausanne]
StatementEditors: H.R. Mu ller, M.C. Secretin.
SeriesNestle symposium
ContributionsMu ller, H. R., Secretin, M. C., Nestle Alimentana Company.
The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14361380M

Physiological data and anomalies of metabolism in infants - (Proceedings of the Nestle Symposium) By H.R. (ed.) Mueller, M.C. (ed.) Secretin and May Vevey (Switzerland) Nestle Symp.: Physiol. Data and Anomalies of Metabolism in Infants.

The infant in the borderline case shows most of the attributes of newborn physiological immaturity, with normal growth, development, and adaption to extrauterine environment; however, the attribute of normal organ (heart) development is by: 1.

Details Physiological data and anomalies of metabolism in infants EPUB

Carbohydrate Metabolism: Metabolism of Glucose and Methods of Investigation in the Fetus and Newborn • Maternal Metabolism During Pregnancy • Carbohydrate Metabolism in the Fetus • Role of Glucoregulatory Hormones on Hepatic Glucose Metabolism During the Perinatal Period • Cell Glucose Transport and Glucose Handling During Fetal and Neonatal Development • Glucose Metabolism.

The book also ponders on the physiological aspects of carbohydrate metabolism in the fetus and newborn and glycogen-storage diseases. The publication examines dietary intake of carbohydrate in relation to diabetes and atherosclerosis and glucose tolerance in ischemic cardiovascular disease.

Under physiological conditions weaning in all mammalian neonates may be triggered by diminishing lactose content in mammary glands of the mother.

Download Physiological data and anomalies of metabolism in infants FB2

This event correlates with diminishing intestinal lactase levels in the infant (Brüssow, ). The complex physiology of breast-feeding and weaning are reviewed by Lawrence and Lawrence ().Author: Andrew Szilagyi.

physiological stability of premature infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: The experiment was conducted with an experimental group of 17 infants, and a control group of 17 infants selected by convenience sampling.

KC was given to the infants one time a day for 30 minutes after feeding for two weeks. Their weight was. Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Special Populations, Physiological Conditions and Pharmacogenomics focuses on critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring including special requirements of therapeutic drug monitoring important to special populations (infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese.

Term Infants: • % of all newborns are jaundiced in the first week of life. •Total serum bilirubin peaks at age 3–5 d (later in Asian infants).

•Mean peak total serum bilirubin is 6 mg/dL (higher in Asian infants). Preterm Infants: •Incidence of visible jaundice is much higher than in term infants. •Peak is later (d). Phase I metabolism activity is reduced in neonates, increases progressively during the first 6 mo of life, exceeds adult rates by the first few years for some drugs, slows during adolescence, and usually attains adult rates by late puberty.

However, adult rates of metabolism may be achieved for some drugs (eg, barbiturates, phenytoin) 2 to 4 wk postnatally. INTRODUCTION. Thyroid hormone (TH) regulates metabolic processes essential for normal growth and development as well as regulating metabolism in the adult (28, 40, ).It is well established that thyroid hormone status correlates with body weight and energy expenditure (80,).Hyperthyroidism, excess thyroid hormone, promotes a hypermetabolic state Cited by: Phase I metabolism also often results in the introduction or unmasking of a functional group.

Phase II metabolism involves the conjugation of a functional group on the molecule (parent drug or Phase I metabolites) with hydrophilic endogenous substrates (e.g. Galactosemia: Babies with this disorder can’t convert galactose (a milk sugar) into glucose (sugar in the blood).

When galactose builds up in a baby’s system it can damage the liver, kidneys, eyes and brain, causing vomiting, jaundice, convulsions, and eventually liver disease, kidney failure, retardation, and death.

Overall, metabolite screening in millions of babies has led to a wealth of data about the spectrum of metabolite abundance in humans and its predictive value for disease.

Combining metabolite profiling with genomic studies has identified additional genetic determinants of metabolic diversity and their relationship to by: Covering advanced nutrition with a comprehensive, easy-to-understand approach, Biochemical, Physiological, and Molecular Aspects of Human Nutrition, 3rd Edition focuses on the biology of human nutrition at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body levels.

It addresses nutrients by classification, and describes macronutrient function from digestion to metabolism.

In general, research on the unique physiological effects of alcohol and drugs in women is limited and sometimes inconclusive. Although the differences in the way women and men metabolize alcohol have been studied in some depth, research on differences in metabolism of illicit drugs is limited.

General and central nervous system anatomy and physiology in children is different to that of adults and this is relevant to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury. The controversies and uncertainties in adult neurotrauma are magnified by these differences, the lack of normative data for children, the scarcity of pediatric studies, and inappropriate Cited by: Prior estimates of the contribution of genetic disorders to mortality in the NICU have ranged from 5% to 50% depending on the definition of “genetic disorder” and whether or not congenital anomalies, which are estimated to comprise 30% of the infant mortality r are included 1–5, Indeed, the true burden of genetic disease in the neonatal population is difficult to ascertain as these data Cited by: 5.

The metabolism of threonine, the rate of oxidation of threonine, and response to nutrient administration have not been examined in full-term newborn infants. Studies in human adults show that the R a of threonine during the postabsorptive period was ∼99 μmolkg −1 h −1, STDH was the major oxidative pathway, and only 7–11% of Cited by: Covering advanced nutrition with a comprehensive, easy-to-understand approach, Biochemical, Physiological, and Molecular Aspects of Human Nutrition, 3rd Edition focuses on the biology of human nutrition at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body levels.

It addresses nutrients by classification, and describes macronutrient function from digestion to metabolism/5(22). Metabolism of branched-chain amino acids. The first step is a transamination, and the second step is an oxidative decarboxylation.

Description Physiological data and anomalies of metabolism in infants EPUB

4 Available data suggest that both the BCAAs and the BCKAs have deleterious effects on brain and that the precise effect Careful observations of 15 infants with defects of the urea cycle treated. Rational Therapeutics for Infants and Children: Workshop Summary () Chapter: 2 Similarities and Dissimilarities in Physiology, Metabolism, and Disease States and Responses to Therapy in Children and Adults.

The studies were on different numbers of subjects from a group of 11 children 4 months to 12 years old with congenital thyroid insufficiency due in 8 to anatomical anomalies of development and in 3 to functional disorder, failure of synthesis of the hormone. Tracer doses of 45Ca were given to some, plasma Ca and serum vitamin D were estimated and Ca balances were Author: Job Jc, Milhaud G, Antener I, Rossier A.

The birth weight of premature babies is usually low. Thus, it may be particularly informative to consider gestational age. Similar to low birth weight, gestational age, and particularly short gestation (birth before 37 weeks), has also been associated with adverse health outcomes.

In the last 30 years, interest in the metabolism and functions of carnitine has steadily increased. Carnitine is synthesized in most eucaryotic organisms, although a few insects (and most likely some newborn animals) require it as a nutritional factor (vitamin BT).

Carnitine biosynthesis is initiated by methylation of by: out of 5 stars Audible Audiobook. $ Free with Audible trial. Smacked: A Story of White-Collar Ambition, Eilene Zimmerman. out of 5 stars Audible Audiobook. $ Free with Audible trial. Drop the Rock: Removing Character Defects out of 5 stars 1, Alcoholics Anonymous: The Big Book.

out of 5 stars Nutritional Biochemistry is intended for students of nutrition and related biological sciences, as well as premedical, nursing, and animal science students. This exciting and unique book allows students to receive a hands-on perspective of the field.

Each case study either leads to a subsequent discovery or enables an understanding of the physiological mechanisms of /5(12). It would be logical to propose that dietary modulation of the epigenome is an intrinsic feature that allows cells to adapt their metabolic state to best match food availability.

Nutrition and energy metabolism are among the most important functions needed for organismal fitness and survival and therefore are potent drivers of evolution (57).Cited by: 8. Inadequate folate intake has been linked to the development of congenital abnormalities and clinical complications of pregnancy.

Specifically, inadequate availability of folate between 21 and 27 days after conception can interrupt normal cell differentiation and cause neural tube defects. Preterm infants — Although data are limited regarding the prevalence of UTI in preterm infants, it appears that the risk increases with decreasing gestational age and birth weight.

In one study from an Israeli neonatal intensive care unit from tothe reported prevalence was 8 percent, but extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.

Hundreds of inborn errors in metabolism (IEM) have been identified, and most are extremely rare. However, it’s estimated that IEM collectively affects 1 in every 1, : Sandy Calhoun Rice.

to the editor: The recent outbreak and rapid spreading of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are a global threat and primary concern worldwide, with a still uncertain the lack of effective therapy, chemoprevention, and vaccination, focusing on the immediate repurposing of existing drugs gives hope of curbing the pandemic.metabolism, thermal irritation, and genetic predisposition have been suggested Can occur at any age but is clinically most evident when it develops during first two decades of life Peak prevalence- years of age Ankylosis Reported prevalence of clinically detectable ankylosis- % to 9% Primary molars are most commonly.

ABSTRACT. Pregnancy consists of a series of small, continuous physiologic adjustments that affect the metabolism of all nutrients. The adjustments undoubtedly vary widely from woman to woman depending on her prepregnancy nutrition, genetic determinants of fetal size, and maternal lifestyle by: